Home > Diversity & Identity Abroad > Gender Considerations

Things to Consider

Research the cultural norms of your host country.
Male, female, and non-binary identifying students should all take the time to research the cultural norms and behaviors related to gender issues of their host country prior to arrival. If ever in doubt, students should refer to locals around them for a clue on how to behave, dress, speak, or eat in line with local customs.

Be aware that clothing matters.
Students of all genders should take care to research the attire of their gender in the host country because many cultures are far more conservative that the U.S. Therefore, you will likely need to pack longer pants, shirts with higher necklines, and skirts (for women), and shorts may not be appropriate wear for men or women. Women might need to pack a light scarf to cover their hair or shoulders when visiting religious sites. In some cultures, people tend to dress “fancier” than we might be used to for day-to-day or classes. Pay attention to locals around you to guide your choices once you are in-country.

Put safety first.
Always travel in groups of at least two, especially when you are unfamiliar with the area. Always be aware of your surroundings, and trust your gut! If a situation or a person is making you feel unsafe, remove yourself if possible. You might receive persistent attention from a person interested in you. Do not be afraid of saying no as many times as possible. Be assertive and firm.

Be careful with alcohol.
Keep in mind that the consumption of alcohol has different cultural implications depending on where you are. Some cultures perceive women who drink as “loose” or it is a norm that women do not drink certain kinds of alcohol or frequent some establishments. Do your research ahead of time to learn what is appropriate.

Be mindful of differing opinions on sexual relations.
Decide ahead of time whether you intend to be sexually active while abroad. Research to determine if pre-martial sexual encounters are legal and/or culturally permitted in your host country. Also, learn about the availability of contraception abroad. Some countries might not have your preferred method available so you should pack some in your luggage.

Build a support network and identify allies.
Especially if you are in a country where harassment and discrimination against women is common, having a support network can be a huge asset.
 

Web Resources